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厦门春拍精品:清代端砚

字号+ 作者:管理员 来源:资讯在线 2020-04-06 17:52:08

厦门春拍精品:清代端砚

厦门春拍精品:清代端砚

Duan inkstone in Qing Dynasty

长:16.5cm

Length: 16.5cm

宽:6.5cm

Width: 6.5cm


文房四宝,砚为其一。在中国所产的四大名砚中,尤以广东省端砚最为称着。端砚以石质坚实、润滑、细腻、娇嫩而驰名于世,用端砚研墨不滞,发墨快,研出之墨汁细滑,书写流畅不损毫,字迹颜色经久不变,端砚若佳,无论是酷暑还是严冬,用手按其砚心,砚心湛蓝墨绿,水气久久不干,故古人有“呵气研墨”之说。宋朝著名诗人张九成曾赋诗赞道:“端溪古砚天下奇,紫花夜半吐虹霓”。端溪籽岩为材,扁平长方形。色泽深沉,石质细腻。

The four treasures of study are inkstone. Among the four famous inkstones produced in China, Duan inkstone in Guangdong Province is the most famous. Duan inkstone is famous for its solid, smooth, delicate and delicate stone. It is not sluggish to use Duan inkstone to study ink, fast to send ink, thin and smooth to produce ink, smooth to write, and permanent in color. If Duan inkstone is good, no matter in hot summer or severe winter, press its inkstone heart with your hands. The inkstone heart is blue, dark green, and the water and gas are not dry for a long time. Therefore, the ancients said that "study ink with care". Zhang Jiucheng, a famous poet of the Song Dynasty, once wrote a poem in praise of "Duanxi ancient inkstone is very strange in the world, and purple flowers spit out rainbow in the middle of the night". Duanxi Ziyan is made of flat rectangle. The color is deep and the stone is fine.


本次推荐精品:清代端砚

16.5cm,宽6.5cm,实质坚实细腻,为清代端砚中的精品,文房四宝,从古到今为文人墨客所钟爱,极具收藏价值。

Duan inkstone in Qing Dynasty

With a length of 16.5cm and a width of 6.5cm, the ink stone is solid and delicate in essence. It is a fine product among Duan inkstones in the Qing Dynasty and the four treasures of the study. It has been loved by scholars of letters from ancient times to the present and has great collection value.

端砚是中国四大名砚之一,与甘肃洮砚、安徽歙砚、山西澄泥砚齐名。出产于唐代初期端州(今广东肇庆市东郊的端溪),故名端砚,距今已有一千三百多年的历史。

中国传统文化中的文房四宝,砚为其一。在中国所产的四大名砚中,尤以广东省端砚最为称著。端砚以石质坚实、润滑、细腻、娇嫩而驰名于世,用端砚研墨不滞,发墨快,研出之墨汁细滑,书写流畅不损毫,字迹颜色经久不变,端砚若佳,无论是酷暑还是严冬,用手按其砚心,砚心湛蓝墨绿,水气久久不干,故古人有“呵气研墨”之说。

The four treasures of study are inkstone. Among the four famous inkstones produced in China, Duan inkstone in Guangdong Province is the most famous. Duan inkstone is famous for its solid, smooth, delicate and delicate stone. It is not sluggish to use Duan inkstone to study ink, fast to send ink, thin and smooth to produce ink, smooth to write, and permanent in color. If Duan inkstone is good, no matter in hot summer or severe winter, press its inkstone heart with your hands. The inkstone heart is blue, dark green, and the water and gas are not dry for a long time. Therefore, the ancients said that "study ink with care". Zhang Jiucheng, a famous poet of the Song Dynasty, once wrote a poem in praise of "Duanxi ancient inkstone is very strange in the world, and purple flowers spit out rainbow in the middle of the night". Duanxi Ziyan is made of flat rectangle. The color is deep and the stone is fine.

端砚石出产在广东省肇庆市东部的烂柯山和肇庆市七星岩北面(西起小湘峡,东至鼎湖山)的北岭山一带,尤以老坑、麻子坑和坑仔岩三地之砚石为最佳。

Duan inkstone is produced in langkeshan in the east of Zhaoqing City and Beilingshan in the north of Qixingyan (from xiaoxiangxia in the west to Dinghushan in the East), especially in Laokeng, maziking and kengziyan.

端砚之所以称雄于世一千余年,满誉天下,主要是它具有质刚而柔的优良石质和丰富多彩的天然石品花纹而使历代无数人为此陶醉、痴迷。端砚石的原始母岩形成于距今4亿年前的泥盆纪中期。在地球演化史上,4亿年前,肇庆这个位置是一条沿东北方向延伸的滨岸潮坪,广州一带为古陆,当时的大海在广西方向,海水从西部进入肇庆地区。肇庆位于古陆与半岛之间的海陆交替处,两侧的古陆为沉积提供了物源。古陆风化剥蚀下来的大量泥沙被海水带到滨岸停下来,按比重和粒级的大小依次沉积堆积成层,较轻的漂浮物被水水解后停留在潮坪较低洼的湖区,缓慢沉降,最后沉积成层。这就是端石最初的物质聚集。这也正是端砚的价值所在,文房四宝,属砚台最为精美,体现出中国文化的博大精深。

The reason why Duan inkstone is famous in the world for more than one thousand years is that it has the fine stone quality of rigidity and softness and rich and colorful natural stone patterns, which makes countless people in the past dynasties intoxicated and obsessed with it. The original mother rock of Duanyan stone was formed in the Middle Devonian period 400 million years ago. In the history of earth evolution, 400 million years ago, Zhaoqing was a coastal tidal flat extending along the northeast direction, and Guangzhou was an ancient land. At that time, the sea was in the direction of Guangxi, and the sea water entered Zhaoqing from the West. Zhaoqing is located between the ancient land and the peninsula, where the ancient land on both sides provides the provenance for sedimentation. A large amount of sediment from the weathering and erosion of ancient land is brought to the shore by sea water and stops, and deposits and accumulates into layers according to the specific gravity and particle size. After being hydrolyzed by water, the lighter floating matter stays in the low-lying Lake area of the tidal flat, slowly settles, and finally deposits into layers. This is the initial material accumulation of the end stone. This is the value of Duan inkstone. The four treasures of study are the most exquisite inkstone, reflecting the extensive and profound Chinese culture.


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